What are Dry Eyes?

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eyes are a common condition where your normal tears do not keep your eyes moist and comfortable.  The eye is unable to maintain a healthy tear film.  You may also have surface inflammation that is making eyes worse.

You may become more prone to developing this condition as you age.  Hormonal changes for women during menopause can sometimes lead to dry eyes.  It can be exacerbated by the environment you are in and medications you take.  If you are on chronic eye drops for conditions such as glaucoma you can also be more prone to dry eyes.  A history of previous eye surgery or trauma and predispose to this condition as well.

Symptoms of Dry Eyessunrise-182302_1280

Symptoms include:

  • blurry or fluctuating vision
  • burning in the eyes, redness
  • foreign body sensation
  • light sensitivity
  • gritty or scratchy sensation.

You may have difficulty performing a concentrated task such as reading or working on the computer for a prolonged period of time because the vision blurs up or the eyes begin to feel tired.  You may not realize that your blurry or fluctuating vision is related to dry eyes.

Diagnosis of Dry Eyes

You may not realize that your blurry or fluctuating vision is related to dry eyes.  Dr. Cindy Wang and I will ask a detailed history and perform a comprehensive eye examination to determine if your symptoms are related to dry eyes.

We can perform a slit lamp examination and put special stains on the surface of the eye to properly diagnose your condition.  Many patients with also have other diseases of the ocular surface such as blepharitis, meibomian gland disease and allergic conjunctivitis.

Treatment of Dry Eyes

Dr. Cindy Wang and I are highly experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of dry eyes.  If your symptoms are mild you may be treated with over the counter artificial tears.  Sometimes a nighttime eye ointment can also be helpful.  Patients with more moderate to severe symptoms can be treated with prescription strength drops such as Restasis.  It may be necessary to also treat other ocular surface conditions such as blepharitis, meibomian gland disease and allergic conjunctivitis.  We may opt to prescribe a few weeks of a topical steroid eye drop.  Also, we may feel that punctal plugs are indicated to help alleviate your symptoms.

Alaina Kronenberg, M.D.
Cataract Specialist
Comprehensive Ophthalmologist
Dearborn, Michigan 48126

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